Criticism examines specific hypertexts, seeking to understand the works considered
and also to improve our understanding of all hypertexts -- and, indeed, of the craft of
writing. "Critical" and theoretical writing that is not grounded on
actual observation is listed in a separate section, Speculations.
- Robert Sielgle reviews Twilight: A Symphony by Michael Joyce. He finds Joyce's writing moving and evocative,
but worries that the constraints of linked hypertexts are too confining.
"The first strolls through the cool fresh air of Joyce's phrasings were exhilarating. I double-returned for the default links, I
command-optioned to select my entry into the subliminal
traffic flow, I shift-linked my way backwards, I
map-viewed my way back out to an overview. I'm no
stranger to technology: I am also no stranger to four/four
time, to four walls, to the overview that is not, still, my own. "
- A review of Shelley Jackson's Patchwork
Girl, by Carolyn Guertin. "Certainly ranking among the most provocative
of hypertexts published so far, Shelley Jackson's Patchwork Girl
is a delicious feminist romp around the edges of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein...a
text that resonates with sheer exuberant excess."
- A masters dissertation by Lisbeth Klastrup on interactive reading
and readership in hyperfiction theory and practice, with readings of
afternoon and Victory
Garden. Interesting observations on the conflict between immersion
and reader control. Not to be confused with Michael Shumate's Web compendium
of the same name.
- Hypertext poet Robert
Kendall reviews McLaughlin's Notes
Toward Absolute Zero, and finds "not just quality writing but also
an unusually accessible hypertext implementation." Kendall reports that
it "an especially good introduction to the genre for neophyte hyper-readers.
Notes has been particularly reliable in producing satisfying
story cloth for students in the hypertext literature class I have taught
for several years."
- Scott Rettberg, an award-winning hypertext writer, surveys hypertext
fiction for About.com
- Intelligent Agent reviews Michael Joyce's Twilight:
a Symphony, and finds that it "takes readers on an elegiac journey
through the twilight zones of life and death that is ultimately life-affirming.".
- Raine Koskimaa reviews Michael Joyce's Twilight:
a Symphony for Electronic Book Review. He finds it "a remarkable
achievement" and suggests that hypertext tools will need to adapt to
the new needs this work demonstrates.
- Hilmar Schmundt, writing in Die Zeit, explores the writing of Michael
Joyce and the role of Storyspace in
the development of literary hypertext. A widely-read. In German.
- Gabriella Alù discusses Bernstein's Hypertext
Gardens and its "Seven Rules for Hypertext Gardening". In Italian.
- Carolyn Guertin explors feminist hypertext in the US and Canada, including
insightful and lyrical discussions of Quibbling and Patchwork
- Susana Pajares Toska takes a close look at Deena
Larsen's quilted hypertexts. "Deena Larsen," she writes, "shows
a mastery of very different styles through the nine short fictions and
a remarkable ability to build characters and atmospheres, but the best
of Samplers is the deep understanding of how to structure fiction"
- Susana Pajares Toska examines Kolb's exploration of hypertext, argument,
and philosophy and assesses its place in the debate over the place of
hypertext in scholarship. " Thus, Socrates
in the Labyrinth is not just a must for philosophers, but for all
those interested in hypertext, language or rhetoric. It is equally stimulating
for hypertext defenders and detractors alike."
- Nick Carbone (Marlboro College) explores David
Kolb's hypertext on the relationship between philosophy, argumentation,
- Johndan Johnson-Eilola discusses Michael Joyce's Twilight:
a Symphony. Johnson-Eilola is the author of Nostalgic
Angels: Rearticulating Hypertext Writing. " I have not finished
reading Twilight: A Symphony. In fact, I can promise you that
I`m never going to finish reading Twilight.
- N. Katherine Hayles explores Shelley Jackson's Patchwork
Girl and Marjorie Luesebrink's Califia. She
finds that, "In these fictions, narrative functions less as a text
to be read than a topology to be explored; less a pre-set linear sequence
than a network of possibilities; less as an object to be consumed than
an interactive engagement in which reader and author collaborate in
bringing the narrative into being."
- In this thorough and insightful study of hypertext in the classroom,
Jonathan Smith describes two courses at the University of Michigan/Dearborn
that made extensive use of hypertext, including The
Dickens Web and The In Memoriam
Web. Smith details the impact of hypertext reading and writing assignments
on teaching strategies, on the way students write about literature,
and on the instructor's own strategies for curriculum.
- Jeanne Larsen (Hollins College) explores Shelley Jackson's Patchwork
Girl and its implications for hypertext theory. From The
New River. Highly recommended.
- Mark Bernstein deplores the
state of hypertext criticism and suggests an alternative approach to
thinking about hypertext and its structures. Published by Chorus.
(If the Chorus server is slow, try here)
- Raine Koskimaa explores visual aspects of afternoon,
a story, Victory Garden,
and Patchwork Girl.
- Carolyn Guyer examines the state
of hypertext fiction. Dated but still valuable, Guyer reads extensively
and comments thoughtfully.
- Occasional reviews of new hypertexts
- Reviews hypertextual web sites, and occasionally reviews published
- Ralph Lombreglia's monthly review of new media for The Atlantic. See
especially his discussion of Michael Joyce's Twilight: A Symphony.
Landow takes a close look at Shelley Jackson's Patchwork
Wise explores decentering in Edward Falco's A
Dream with Demons.
- An important and influential hypertextual essay by Nancy Kaplan
philosopher examines David Kolb's study of hypertext and argumentation.
- Interactive Agent's editors examine a variety of Web sites, trying
to understand the nature of interactive narrative.
Carolyn Guyer explores a rhetoric
of hypertext aesthetics, based in part on her own hypertext novel, Quibbling.
A challenging and original essay, original written for the MLA.
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